12, Birzhevaya line, St.Petersburg, 199034, Russia
The most significant of these principles is an organic combination of applied and basic research being traditionally no less than one third of works in the programs of the Institute. This allows GOI to maintain its high readiness to scientific and technological "mini revolutions" being characteristic for the development of optics in recent decades: the leading position taken by the Institute in the 30-ies in conventional optical technologies and optical materials science was subsequently maintained in optoelectronics, IR-imaging, laser technology, fibre optics; GOI played an important role in creating holography and space optics. Nowadays, the basic research work done in anticipation allows us to carry out applied research work in the "breakthrough" directions of creating new effective photo controlled optical media and photo technologies. The possibility of carrying out applied and free research studies is provided by participation of GOI in federal special purpose programs, scientific foundation grants awarded to scientific workers of the Institute, a direct support of the government: since 1993 GOI has had the status and privileges of the State Scientific and Research Centre of the Russian Federation.
Traditionally, GOI is aimed at focusing the developments in all urgent optical fields. Such policy allows us to obtain solutions of large-scale applied tasks being mostly of comprehensive character and also in cooperation with other organizations. The universal character of GOI is well reflected in the structure of its scientific and scientific-technological subdivisions and also in its topical structure.
A wide range of research
work being carried out at GOI, its position of a leading scientific
optical company in the country have determined its numerous scientific
and economic relations. First of all we should note the relations with
enterprises of domestic optical industry where GOI carried out its
scientific guidance and took an active part in developing large-scale
Actually all branches of the national economy and the defence complex are customers of optical industry products, and we, carrying out developments of optical technology, have established contacts with many medical, industrial, agricultural companies, organizations of the protection of the environment and others. The broadness of these contacts is illustrated by "Developments" section. Direct contacts with customers of optical products were also promoted by establishing the "Centre of Innovations and Technologies of GOI".
Actually all domestic scientific and research institutes of optics were organized with GOI taking the most active part and have maintained close scientific contacts for many years.
The State Optical Institute has always had fruitful cooperation with major physical institutes of the Russian Academy of Sciences thus, to some extent, compensating the absence of a special optical institute in the Academy system. Prominent scientists, members of the Russian Academy of Sciences have worked at GOI for many years.
Being one of the largest optical institutes in the world, GOI takes an active part in international cooperation and scientific data exchange. For many decades we have published our "Proceedings" (since 1919) and "Opticheskii Zhurnal", the latter being translated into English since 1956 and published in the USA under the name "Journal of Optical Technology". Annually, this edition and other journals publish about 600 scientific papers and patent descriptions by scientific workers of GOI. About 800 papers are annually distributed by the Institute at International Meetings with GOI being an organizer of part of them.
Scientific workers of the Institute have an access to the main sources of optical research data: a specialized library of optical science and technology organized together with the Institute with a stock of over 700 thousand units continues its multi-year subscription to major optical journals; scientific workers have an access to Internet through a local web at their working stations.
An important role in establishing and maintaining the scientific contacts is played by the Optical Society named after D. S. Rozhdestvensky established in 1990 on the initiative and under the auspices of GOI.
Technological achievements of GOI are in big demand at the world's market of scientific and technical products and an important place in our contacts belongs to contacts with foreign scientific centres and research divisions of large companies.
The governing body of GOI has always been aware that the advanced scientific-technical positions can be taken only having an advanced technological basis. Therefore, notwithstanding the difficulties of the recent period we have maintained a highly technological pilot-scale production both of optical instruments and optical materials allowing us to show our achievements and developments as small-scale products. We managed to maintain our construction abilities in such field as computation and design of optical systems and to move forward considerably. We keep on the advanced level our experimental research basis with its unique test beds and facilities.
However we consider that
the main factor ensuring the former achievements of GOI and being a
guarantee of its future success is a high level of skill of our
specialists. Within the first years after GOI had been founded a good
team of prominent scientists and specialists made the core of the
Institute. In spite of the fact that in the following years the
Institute gave a manifold increase in its number the high level was
managed to be maintained during several scientific generations. An
important role was played by the conception of "scientific schools"
being still characteristic of GOI. Of great importance was also the
activities dedicated to the post graduate course of the highest
qualification: creation of branch graduate studentship, the work of
specialized councils for defence of theses, encouragement of
competitioners. Currently at GOI there are 5 members of the Russian
Academy of Sciences, 65 Ph. Ds, 305 candidates of sciences. The high
professional level of the present generation of specialists of GOI is
well illustrated by prizes, rewards and honorary diplomas they were
awarded with in recent years.
Of more importance has become our collaboration with higher schools. 4 higher schools of Saint Petersburg have created at GOI 6 basic departments. We are taking part in 5 projects within the "Integration of the Higher School and Basic Research" framework of the federal program.
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